MEET THE CHAIR
Topic A: Arctic Sea Territorial Claims
There are currently 5 different countries with claims to territories in the Arctic Sea today. With global warming melting the polar caps, this area is becoming increasingly valuable given the possibility of uncovering more oil, easier trade routes, and gaining control of more area. It is unsurprising, therefore, that more nations are laying claims to greater areas of the Arctic zone, especially Exclusive Economic Zones (or EEZs). To solidify claims to the disputed area and enforce some form of rule of law, the Arctic Council was formed in 1991. In 1959, the Antarctic Treaty System was developed in which no country was allowed to place their military on the continent and established the area as a preserve for scientific research. Since then however, there has been debate over reforming the council. In this committee, delegates will decide in what way they want the Arctic areas to be governed. Should they pursue an international coalition in which no actor has true control of the area? Should the Arctic 5 remain in control? Should the Arctic Council’s abilities be strengthened or should the body be completely reformed with a more comprehensive infrastructure?
Ayman is a sophomore at Harvard college, where he is looking to study Molecular and Cellular Biology. Ayman has been Model UN’ing since junior year at high school and has only learned to love it more and is currently a Business Director for HNMUN 2017 as well as a member of ICMUN, Harvard’s traveling competing team. Aside from MUN, Ayman participates in the Institute of Politics and does programs such as Citizenship Tutoring for Harvard employees and is the Social Chair of the South Asian Association. In his spare time, he rotates between netflix and chilling and basket ball. Ayman enjoys meeting new people and is particularly pumped, as this his first WorldMUN ever—so feel free to chat him up whenever you get a chance!
Topic B: Resource Allocation
One of the biggest issues poor African and South American countries face is the so-called “resource curse.” This curse, also known as the “paradox of plenty” refers to when countries with plentiful resources often end up developing the slowest, have the poorest forms of democracy, and low economic growth. Without proper governmental acumen to effectively spend money from resources or allocate resources effectively, countries are unable to achieve their full potential. Some claim this is due to highly corrupt forms of government and a lack of citizen voice and participation in decisions. Whatever the reason may be, it should be this committee's job to find the best way to alleviate this issue and help countries better manage their resources.