MEET THE CHAIR
Topic A: Technology Gap between Developing and Developed Countries
The technology gap is the difference in technology adoption between developed and developing countries and exists in multiple areas including biomedical research and sustainable development. One of many examples of the consequences of this gap is biomedical drug development; pharmaceutical companies are less likely to invest in diseases with lower economic return and one consequence of companies being located primarily in developed countries is the increase in neglected tropical diseases that affect over one billion people every year. Technological learning and innovation are essential for economic, social and political growth and are major determinants of long-term living standards. Bridging the technology gap between developing and developed countries is a priority of UNCTAD and this topic will consider methods to build effective innovation systems, promote collaboration between developing and developed countries, characterize the scope of technology transfer needed from a development perspective, and study the channels by which technology can be communicated and transferred.
Eesha Khare is a senior at Harvard College studying Biomedical Engineering and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa Junior 24 for academic achievement. She is passionate about developing technology for a sustainable world and has worked on researching energy storage devices, for which she was named Forbes 30 under 30 in Energy. Outside of school, Eesha is a researcher in a materials science group at Harvard, has chaired the Women's Initiative in Leadership and Education Policy at Harvard Institute of Politics and is a dancer at heart. Eesha is looking forward to the WorldMUN community, making new friends and having a lot of fun. The best way to recognize Eesha is by her wide smile -- so be sure to say hi!
Topic B: Political System and Finance Models of Energy
Sustainable development and economic poverty are heavily dependent on access to energy; one in five people worldwide lack access to electricity and energy-poor economies often face significant health problems due to inhalation of dangerous combustion products when producing energy. Lack of access to energy both kills people and affects livelihoods. To develop solutions for equitable access to energy resources, we need to address the drivers behind lack of energy: infrastructural and technological changes. One example of a recent initiative is Power Africa, a series of programs and solutions launched by the US Agency for International Development a few years ago to build new electricity connections in sub-Saharan Africa. This initiative specifically examines how to develop infrastructures for energy development and implementation. Inspired by this initiative, this committee will focus specifically on infrastructural changes and will consider how political systems, finance models, and other economic and social frameworks affect how different populations interact with energy. Understanding how such frameworks affect technology is critical in our policy and technology developments going forward.