Safa Salem is a junior in Winthrop House at Harvard, concentrating in History and Science with a focus on Medicine and Society and a secondary in Global Health and Health Policy. She was born and raised in Cleveland, Ohio, but she also calls Jerusalem her home, as her family's robust history started there. Safa has carried a keen interest in the world of Model United Nations since she was a sophomore in high school. When she's not doing anything MUN related, she enjoys journaling, incredibly amateur photography, going for runs along the Charles River, and meeting new people. Safa is super excited to meet delegates in Madrid at WorldMUN 2019!
Topic: Mediterranean Region Security
Dating back to the early 20th century, Israel and surrounding Arab nations – including Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Palestine – have always had strained relations. With the rise of Zionism and the British Mandate over Palestine and Transjordan during World War I, the many territorial disputes with both Palestinians and surrounding Arab nations began their onset. These disputes were not solely restricted to the territorial aspects, but stemmed from mutual antagonism between both peoples. As tensions continued to grow with the incite of mass protests, violence, and illegal immigration, conflict eventually brewed into war. Beginning with the Arab-Israel War of 1948, each subsequent decade saw some war with a neighboring Middle Eastern country and Israel. These wars often resulted in hostilities from both sides, and unresolved tensions that still exist today. For these reasons, and many more, the discussion on Israel in regards to the Arab World cannot be limited to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict alone. With the Security Council’s passing of the historic S/RES/2334, condemning Israeli settlements, and the following announcement by Israel to begin constructing new settlements in Palestine for the first time in 20 years, we must look towards solutions that can be enforced and that ensure that the rights of both peoples are considered – and that these rights are built on an agenda to restore and preserve the security of the Mediterranean region. How can the international community intervene to resolve the conflict and have their resolution accepted by both groups?